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The Nature And Importance Of Translation

Ranslation Is Ultimately A Human Activity Which Enables Human Beings To Exchange Ideas And Thoughts Regardless Of The Different Tongues Used. Al Wassety (2001) Views The Phenomenon Of Translation As A Legitimate Offspring Of The Phenomenon Of Language, since Originally, when Humans Spread Over The Earth, their Languages Differed And They Needed A Means Through Which People Speaking A Certain Language (tongue) Would Interact With Others Who Spoke A Different Language.

Translation Is, in Enani's (1997) View, a Modern Science At The Interface Of Philosophy, linguistics, psychology, and Sociology. Literary Translation In Particular Is Relevant To All These Sciences, audio-visual Arts, as Well As Cultural And Intellectual Studies.

There Are Eight Types Of Translation: Word-for-word Translation, literal Translation, faithful Translation, semantic Translation, adaptive Translation, free Translation, idiomatic Translation, and Communicative Translation.

Translation Is, in Chabban's Words (1984:5) , "A Finicky Job, "As It Has Not Yet Been Reduced To Strict Scientific Rules, and It Allows For The Differences That Are Known To Exist Between Different Personalities. Translation Is A Heavily Subjective Art, especially When It Deals With Matters Outside The Realm Of Science Where Precisely Defined Concepts Are More Often Expressed By Certain Generally Accepted Terms.

In The Final Analysis, translation Is A Science, an Art, and A Skill. It Is A Science In The Sense That It Necessitates Complete Knowledge Of The Structure And Make-up Of The Two Languages Concerned. It Is An Art Since It Requires Artistic Talent To Reconstruct The Original Text In The Form Of A Product That Is Presentable To The Reader Who Is Not Supposed To Be Familiar With The Original. It Is Also A Skill Because It Entails The Ability To Smooth Over Any Difficulty In The Translation, and The Ability To Provide The Translation Of Something That Has No Equal In The Target Language.

In Translation, the Richness Of Vocabulary, depth Of Culture, and Vision Of The Translator Could Certainly Have Very Conspicuous Effects On His/her Work. Another Translator Might Produce A Reasonably Acceptable Version Of The Same Text, which, however, may Very Well Reflect A Completely Different Background, culture, sensitivity, and Temperament. Such Differences Cannot, in Chabban's View (1984) , detract From The Merit Of Either Translator. This Is Simply Because Translation Is Decidedly A More Difficult Job Than Creation.

Criteria For A Good Translation
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